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TIRF Imaging of Changes in Membrane Morphology and Molecular Dynamics


Total Internal Reflection Fluorescence (TIRF) Imaging of Changes in Membrane Morphology and Molecular Dynamics under the Cell Membrane with Olympus’ Z-drift Compensation System

Introduction

One important issue in current cell biology research is to understand the mechanism of physiological phenomena associated with the intercellular communication between adjacent cells. A promising step toward this goal is live cell microscopy that enables researchers to monitor changes in cell membrane morphology and the dynamics of localized molecules at the intercellular adhesion site. Figure 1 illustrates how high-precision TIRF imaging is enabling new types of advanced cellular research. The images, captured using an Olympus motorized inverted microscope IX series, show changes in the membrane morphology and molecular dynamics under the cell membrane. The Olympus Z-drift compensator maintained a sharp focus on the cells over a long period of time enabling these images to be captured in such high quality. This process demonstrates the importance of TIRF and the Olympus Z-drift compensator to advanced live cell imaging.

Time-lapse images of a Cos-1 cell
 Figure 1. Time-lapse images of a Cos-1 cell co-expressing GFP-17 and Lifeact-mCherry.

Examination of whether the recruitment of FBP17 to the plasma membrane is dependent on transient reduction of membrane tension caused by myosin based contraction force. FBP17 acutely disappeared from the cell edge after treatment with the myosin inhibitor blebbistatin (175 sec). This ef fect can be rescued by subsequent reduction of membrane tension induced by hypertonic buffer (260 sec), indicating that the FBP17 senses the membrane tension to assemble at the plasma membrane.

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the single molecule level under TIRF microscopy

 

Time-lapse movie of a Cos-1 cell co-expressing GFP-17 and Lifeact-mCherry.

Imaging System;
Microscope: Research Inverted Microscope IX81
Objective: PlanApo 100XOTIRFM(100X, N.A.1.45)
CCD camera: Cascade II cooled CCD camera (Photometrics)
Z-drift Compensation System: IX-ZDC

Image data courtesy of;
Kazuya Tsujita, Ph.D., Toshiki Itoh, Ph.D.
Biosignal Research Center, Organization of Advanced Science and Technology, Kobe University

Reference;
Nat Cell Biol. 2015 Jun;17(6):749-58. doi: 10.1038/ncb3162.
J Cell Sci. 2013 May 15;126(Pt 10):2267-78. doi: 10.1242/jcs.12251

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Polarisation of FBP17 is induced by PM tension increase1

 

Polarisation of FBP17 is induced by PM tension increase.
COS-1cell co-expressing GFP-FBP17 and Lifeact-mCherry was observed by time-lapse microscopy upon hypotonic buffer. The movie was taken at 1 frame per 5 seconds and played at 15 fps.

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Polarisation of FBP17 is induced by PM tension increase2

 

Polarisation of FBP17 is disrupted by PM tension decrease.
COS-1 cell co-expressing GFP-FBP17and Lifeact-mCherry was observed by time-lapse microscopy upon addition of hypertonic buffer. The movie was taken at 1 frame per 5 seconds and played at 15 fps.

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Polarisation of FBP17 is induced by PtdIns(4,5)P2 liberation

 

Polarisation of FBP17 is induced by PtdIns(4,5)P2 liberation.
COS-1 cell co-expressing GFP-FBP17, CFP-FKBP-PLC δ1 PH domain, and mRFP-FRB-MoA was observed by time-lapse microscopy upon addition of rapamycin. The movie was taken at 1 frame per 5 seconds and played at 15 fps.

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Polarisation of FBP17 is disrupted by PtdIns(4,5)P2 depletion

 

Polarisation of FBP17 is disrupted by PtdIns(4,5)P2 depletion.
COS-1 cell co-expressing GFP-FBP17, CFP-PM-anchored FRB domain, and mRFP-FKBP-5-phosphatase domain was observed by time-lapse microscopy upon addition of rapamycin. The movie was taken at 1 frame per 5 seconds and played at 15 fps.

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Dynamics of FBP17 at the leading edge

 

Dynamics of FBP17 at the leading edge. COS-1 cell co-expressing GFP-FBP17and Lifeact-mCherry was observed by time-lapse microscopy. The movie was taken at 1 frame per 5 seconds and played at 15 fps.

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Acute disruption of FBP17 polarity by N-WASP inhibition

 

Acute disruption of FBP17 polarity by N-WASP inhibition. COS-1 cell co-expressing GFP-FBP17 and Lifeact-mCherry was observed by time-lapse microscopy upon addition of wiskostatin. The movie was taken at 1 frame per 10 seconds and played at 15 fps.

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Acute disruption of FBP17 polarity by Arp2/3 complex inhibition

 

Acute disruption of FBP17 polarity by Arp2/3 complex inhibition.
COS-1 cell co-expressing GFP-FBP17 and Lifeact-mCherry was observed by time-lapse microscopy upon addition of CK-666. The movie was taken at 1 frame per 10 seconds and played at 15 fps.

Conclusion

Olympus’ live cell imaging solutions and Z-drift compensator facilitate long-term imaging studies of cellular processes. The Z-drift compensator utilizes low phototoxicity infrared (IR) light to detect the correct focus position, to make automatic focal adjustments, and to maintain precise focusing over time by avoiding focus drift due to factors such as temperature changes. The type of experiment described above cannot be accomplished using conventional microscopy because the images captured over time would be out of focus because of focus drift. The Z-drift compensator enables images to be captured without loss of focus. This facilitates chronological, high-precision tracking of dynamic changes of FBP17 and the Lifeact actin marker under the cell membrane.

Products used for this application

出色的多色 TIRF 成像

IXplore TIRF

  • 出色的同步多色 TIRF,可用于调查膜动力学和单分子检测
  • 由于具备穿透深度控制,可以实现最多四个标记的精确共定位
  • 利用奥林巴斯卓越的 TIRF 物镜,可实现全球最高 NA,高达 1.7*
  • 利用图形化试验管理系统 (GEM) 可以直观设置复杂的试验
用于超高分辨率成像或全内反射成像的高分辨率物镜

APON-TIRF/UAPON-TIRF/UPLAPO-HR

  • 高数值孔径为高对比度要求的全内反射成像或超高分辨率成像提供极佳的消失波
  • HR系列物镜是世界首款*高平场性下数值孔径达到1.5的平场复消色差物镜。

* 根据奥林巴斯的研究,截止至2018年11月

Z drift compensator

IX3-ZDC2

  • 随时保持焦点
  • 易用性设计
  • 专为活细胞影像设计
  • 通过cellSens软件实现高精度,多区域成像

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