Life Science Solutions
Application Notes

Mapping Aortic Valve Cells Using the FLUOVIEW FV3000 Microscope

The valves of a healthy adult heart allow blood to flow to the lungs and throughout the body. However, the structure and function of the aortic valve are vulnerable to environmental stress. Understanding the cellular composition of the aortic valve is critical for the treatment of aortic valvular diseases, such as bicuspid aortic valve calcification and leaflet degradation.

By using the FLUOVIEW FV3000 confocal microscope, we successfully confirmed the contribution of Tie2 positive cells to the aortic valve identified by lineage tracing technology.

Easily Perform Macro-to-Micro Imaging of Murine Aortic Valve Cells

Thanks to the 1.25X macro imaging objective, we could easily and quickly acquire a large overview of an aortic valve slice with a single image. By simply dragging the mouse on the overview image, the FV3000 confocal microscope’s macro-to-micro function enabled us to quickly locate target cells and then observe the fine structures in a region of interest using a high-resolution objective lens.

Video: Macro-to-micro overview of the expression pattern of Tie2 in the aortic valve of a mouse. Tie2 positive cells are labeled with EGFP (green), and non-endothelial cells are labeled with td Tomato (red).

Imaging equipment
Microscope: FV3000 confocal microscope with a motorized stage
Objective: 1.25X, 10X, and 40X objective (PLAPON1.25X, UPLSAPO10X2, and UPLSAPO40X2)

How the FV3000 Confocal Microscope Facilitated Our Experiment

Macro-to-Micro Observation

The FV3000 microscope’s macro-to-micro function provides a roadmap for data acquisition, enabling you to see data in context and easily locate regions of interest for higher resolution imaging.

Macro-to-Micro Observation

Extensive Lineup of Olympus Objectives

Olympus offers a wide range of objectives. The FV3000 optical light path supports objectives from 1.25X to 150X and acquires images of samples from large tissues to small organisms.

Extensive Lineup of Olympus Objectives

This application note was prepared with the help of Dr. Wenli Fan, State Key Laboratory of Pharmaceutical Biotechnology, Department of Cardiology, Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital, The Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing University. 


  1. Feng, Q. et al. PDK1 regulates vascular remodeling and promotes epithelial-mesenchymal transition in cardiac development. Mol Cell Biol 30, 3711-3721, doi:10.1128/MCB.00420-10 (2010).
  2. Di, R., Yang, Z., Xu, P. & Xu, Y. Silencing PDK1 limits hypoxia-induced pulmonary arterial hypertension in mice via the Akt/p70S6K signaling pathway. Exp Ther Med 18, 699-704, doi:10.3892/etm.2019.7627 (2019).

Products related to this application

Confocal Laser Scanning Microscope


  • Available with either galvanometer-only (FV3000) or hybrid galvanometer/resonant (FV3000RS) scanner configurations
  • Highly efficient and accurate TruSpectral detection on all channels
  • Optimized for live cell imaging with high sensitivity and low phototoxicity
  • Inverted and upright frame options to suit a variety of applications and sample types
Apochromat Objectives for Macro Observation


  • Displays flat images from high transmission factors up to the near-infrared region of the spectrum
  • Acquires sharp, clear images, without color shift, in fluorescence, brightfield and Nomarski DIC observations
  • Offers an unbeatable solution for every kind of digital imaging need for quality and performance
Super Apochromat objectives


  • Provides full compensation for both spherical and chromatic aberrations from the visible to the near-infrared region
  • Acquires bright and high-resolution brightfield/fluorescence microscopy images in broad application range in the clinical field

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