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Application Notes

Cell Counting–Measuring the Number of Cells in Spheroids


Confocal observation combined with the cell imaging analysis system enables users to count the number of cells in spheroids using cross-sectional spheroid images.

Objectives

Knowing the number of cells is one of the most important parameters in assays using cells, and this is also the case during the analysis of spheroids. Cell counting with a hemocytometer requires a cell suspension that is prepared using a spheroid dissolution with trypsin. If this is done, however, the features of spheroids originating in their 3D structure are lost. In this study, nondestructive cell counting for spheroids was performed as follows: the number of cells in cross-sectional images of spheroids were measured through confocal observation combined with the use of the cell analysis system. The results were compared to those obtained using a hemocytometer.

Objectives

Preparation of samples

A cell suspension of HeLa, or HT-29, was seeded into PrimeSurface® 96U plate (SUMITOMO BAKELITE CO., LTD) at 500 cells/well. Each spheroid was harvested 48 hours after the start of cell culture. One half of every spheroid was fixed in 4% formalin followed by staining with Hoechst 33342 and transparentizing1 overnight. The remaining part of every spheroid was treated with trypsin overnight to prepare the cell suspension.

1) Susaki et.al. Cell. 2014 Apr 24;157(3):726-39. doi: 10.1016/j.cell.2014.03.042. Epub 2014 Apr 17.

Conclusion
Cell counting with the cell analysis system and hemocytometer

Fluorescent images of the above-mentioned spheroids were obtained using the system. (Ex: 405 nm, Em: 488 nm). To count the cells, the system acquires cross-sectional images of spheroids every 20 μm and then identifies and counts the visible cells (Figure 1). Next, the number of nuclei are added together to estimate the total number of cells within the entire spheroid (system counting). The results were compared to those obtained using a hemocytometer (manual counting), as shown in Figure 2 (bars: SD, n=6). These results showed that the system enables cell counting for spheroids while maintaining their structural integrity and without having to dissolve the spheroids using trypsin.

onclusion

PrimeSurface is a registered trademark of Sumitomo Bakelite Co., Ltd.
Olympus is a registered trademark, and NoviSight and Insightful Analysis, Intelligent Answers are trademarks of Olympus Corporation.

Products related to this application

3D Cell Analysis Software

NoviSight

  • 3D image recognition from whole structure to sub-cellular
  • Statistical analysis
  • Variety of default assays

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